Water security is vital to the livelihoods of the rural poor, to their employment,income, food and their prospects for escaping poverty. The lack of availability and the poor quality of freshwater have been reported to be two of the most limiting factors for development in Africa, constraining food production, industrial activities, contributing significantly to the burden of disease.
Access to a reliable supply of water makes it possible for people to diversify their livelihoods, increase food productivity and reduce the risks associated with drought. It enables producers to enter higher value-added areas of production and creates income and employment and it gives people the security to undertake investments.
The contribution of water and sanitation services to development is of course far wider than their impact on households. Water is a key factor of production and sustenance of livelihoods and communities. It sustains the natural environment which is why it is not only the quantity of water available which is critical but also its quality, its fitness for use. For this reason, Caritas Kenya strives to promote water management principle that, for both sanitation services and economic activities, measures of control against elements which can pollute water and render it unfit for use.
One of the ongoing projects in this programme is:
The Drylands Development Programme (DRYDEV)
DRYDEV is a five‐year initiative (August 2013 to July 2018) funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) of the Netherlands, with a significant financial contribution from World Vision Australia (WVA). The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) is the overall implementing agency. DRYDEV is designed to provide relevant and contextually appropriate support to smallholder farmers in selected dryland areas of Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Ethiopia, and Kenya. It is seeking to meaningfully contribute to the realization of a vision where households residing in such areas have transitioned from subsistence farming and emergency aid to sustainable rural development.
The programme’s strategy is outlined in its Inception Report. It presents DRYDEV’s:
- Overarching theories of change and corresponding logical framework analysis (LFA)
- Eight cross‐cutting work packages (WPs): (1) subcatchment‐level natural resource management (NRM); (2)on‐farm water and soil management; (3) agricultural commodity production; (4) enhancing market access; (5) financial services linking; (6) local governance and institutional strengthening; (7)planning, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and scaling of learning; and (8) policy analysis and influencing
- Scaling strategy, which includes seven scaling principles and an approach—Options‐by‐Context (OxC)—to ensure that the programme’s interventions are contextually appropriate
- Planning, M&E, and learning (PMEL) framework
- Programme and financial management arrangements
Caritas is leading NRM and agricultural commodity production interventions (WPs 1‐3) in Makueni County.